Kelvin Smith Library
Public access policies refer to U.S. federal government agency (i.e. NIH, NEA, etc.) policies that require federally funded research publications and associated data to be publicly accessible for free in online repositories designated by the government agency (i.e. “agency-designated repositories”). Each federal agency creates its own public access policies for their researchers, so there are different guidelines to follow depending on the funding agency.
See the links below to find specific agency's public access policies:
Are Public Access and Open Access Publishing the same thing?
No, public access is a government term for publicly sharing the results of federally funded research, i.e. peer reviewed articles and data, in agency-designated repositories a.k.a repository deposit. Additionally, Public Access Content:
Open Access Publishing is a publishing term and model that allows authors to openly publish their peer reviewed articles meaning the articles are free to access. Additionally, Open Access Published Content:
It is important to note that there are times when you may have justifiable reasons (ethical, legal, or technical) to limit the sharing of data. Federal agencies often require researchers to write these considerations into their data management plans.
A good example is in the NIH policy linked below.