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Avoid Plagiarism: Reasons of plagiarism and how to prevent

What is plagiarism and how to avoid it.

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Why Do people Plagiarize?

Plagiarism is happening even in articles submitted to highly influential academic journals. Possible reasons include:

  • 1. Easy to copy and paste with internet.

2. Difficult to write in English with English as a second Language.

3. Cultural difference: in Asia, students are taught to memorize and imitate the language and style of past masters in order to become better writers.

4. Increased pressure to publish for researchers.

5. Lack of training and awareness of rules.

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Tips to Avoid Plagiarism.

  • Put in quotations everything that comes directly from the text, with proper attibution .
  • When you paraphrase, do NOT just rearrange the sentences or replace a few words. You will summarize/express the original idea/argument with your own words to demonstrate your own understanding, with proper attribution.
  • Examples of acceptable and unacceptable paraphrases:  
  • What is common knowledge?

You do not need to cite your source if the information is considered as "common knowledge." Common knowledge is any information that the average, educated reader would accept as reliable without having to look it up. However, there is no clear boundary on what is considered as common knowledge.