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Avoid Plagiarism

What is plagiarism and how to avoid it.

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Why Do people Plagiarize?

In 2015, iThenticate have conducted a survey of scientific researchers, and identified ten common types of plagiarism in research:

  1. Secondary source: inaccurate citation
  2. Invalid source: misleading citation, fabrication, falsification
  3. Duplication: self-plagiarism, reuse
  4. Paraphrasing: plagiarism, intellectual theft
  5. Repetitive research: self-plagiarism, reuse
  6. Replication: submission violation
  7. Misleading attribution: inaccurate authorship
  8. Unethical collaboration: inaccurate authorship
  9. Verbatim plagiarism: copy-and-paste, intellectual theft
  10. Complete plagiarism: intellectual theft, stealing


Why Do people Plagiarize?

  1. Easy to copy and paste from the internet.
  2. .Difficult to write in English when English is not the first language.
  3. Cultural difference: in Asia, students are taught to memorize and imitate the language and style of past masters in order to become better writers.
  4. Increased pressure to publish for researchers
  5. Unethical intentions
  6. Mistakes
  7. Lack of training and awareness of rules.

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