"Drawing is the basic form of expression in the visual arts and the foundation of an artist's training. This study considers the function of draftsmanship in the studios of the great Italian Renaissance masters, based on examples of approximately 120 drawings from the Cleveland Museum of Art and other collections, with many works examined and published for the first time."
Limiting his concern to the poet's early years, Marling stresses Williams' alliances with graphic artists during a period when he could find little support or solace from other writers. Marling discusses Williams' friendships, and shared aesthetics, with Marcel Duchamp, Marsden Hartley, Walter Arensberg, Charles Demuth, Charles Sheeler, and others, drawing from previously unpublished materials -- not only of Williams but of the artists. The first half of the study traces the relationships, the second connects Williams' writing of these years with aesthetic movements as germane to art as they were to painting.
Summarizes primary sources and existing scholarly work on Dalton's atomic theory and the system of chemical equivalents used during the first half of the nineteenth century. Rocke demontrates that early nineteenth century chemists made a practical and ontological distinction between chemical and physical atoms.
As its title suggests, this book is an introduction to three ideas and the connections between them. Before describing the content of the book in detail, we describe each concept briefly. More extensive introductory descriptions of each concept are in the introductions and notes to Chapters 2, 3 and 4. A topos is a special kind of category defined by axioms saying roughly that certain constructions one can make with sets can be done in the category. In that sense, a topos is a generalized set theory. However, it originated with Grothendieck and Giraud as an abstraction of the of the category of sheaves of sets on a topological space. Later, properties Lawvere and Tierney introduced a more general id~a which they called "elementary topos" (because their axioms did not quantify over sets), and they and other mathematicians developed the idea that a theory in the sense of mathematical logic can be regarded as a topos, perhaps after a process of completion. The concept of triple originated (under the name "standard construc in Godement's book on sheaf theory for the purpose of computing tions") sheaf cohomology. Then Peter Huber discovered that triples capture much of the information of adjoint pairs. Later Linton discovered that triples gave an equivalent approach to Lawverc's theory of equational theories (or rather the infinite generalizations of that theory). Finally, triples have turned out to be a very important tool for deriving various properties of toposes.
As late as 1960, political life in the Southern states was dominated by a Democratic party seeking to preserve white supremacy. When national Democrats abandoned the Southern cause and vigorously advocated equal rights for blacks, the solidly Democratic South crumbled and gave way to the two-party system that remains in place today. In this expanded edition, Lamis explains how this transformation occurred, offering a state-by-state analysis as well as overview chapters that chart regional and national trends; new chapters discuss the 1984 and 1986 elections, and the prospects for 1988 and beyond.
Drawing from the intellectual origins of experiential learning in the works of John Dewey, Kurt Lewin, and Jean Piaget, this comprehensive and systematic book describes the process of experiential learning. The author proposes a model of the underlying structures of the learning process based on research in psychology, philosophy, and physiology, and bases its typology of individual learning styles and corresponding structures of knowledge in different academic disciplines and careers on this structural model. He also applies experiential learning to higher education and lifelong learning, particularly with regard to adult education.
Suitable for undergraduate students of mathematics and graduate students of operations research and engineering, this text covers the basic theory and computation for a first course in linear programming. In addition to substantial material on mathematical proof techniques and sophisticated computation methods, the treatment features numerous examples and exercises.
An introductory chapter offers a systematic and organized approach to problem formulation. Subsequent chapters explore geometric motivation, proof techniques, linear algebra and algebraic steps related to the simplex algorithm, standard phase 1 problems, and computational implementation of the simplex algorithm. Additional topics include duality theory, issues of sensitivity and parametric analysis, techniques for handling bound constraints, and network flow problems. Helpful appendixes conclude the text, including a new addition that explains how to use Excel to solve linear programming problems.
This original study clarifies current issues directly related to auditor independence and investigates the wide scope of available consulting services. Examines the actions taken by various groups and high-ranking corporate officers to preserve modern-day auditor independence. Traces the origins of the concept of auditor independence to mid-19th Century Britain and explores how the meaning of auditor indepedence has evolved since that time. Includes comprehensive lists of service fees by class as a percent of talent revenues for major CPA firms.
Unpredictable. And the more you can predict, the more control you will have over your own life. From calculating the health risks of smoking a pack of cigarettes a day to deciding on the best investments for your money, probabilities play a part in nearly all aspects of everyday life. Now, physics professor John D. McGervey puts all the facts and figures at your fingertips to help you make savvy, informed choices at home, at work, and at play.
This volume collects essays and documents from a wide selection of sources--many now out of print and difficult to locate--to provide a highly readable story of the settlement and development of the "New Connecticut" region of Ohio. Four divisions in the book logically organize the social, economic, and political study of the region: "Conquest and Settlement: Native Americans to New Englanders"; "The Pioneers: Town Building, Society, and the Emergence of an Economy"; "The Transition Years; Slavery, the Civil War, and the Reserve in National Politics, 1850-1880"; and "A Changing Legacy: Industrialism, Ethnicity, and the Age of Reform." The volume ends in 1920, when the unique features of the Western Reserve of Ohio--the architecture, the landmarks, the New England lifestyle--had largely faded into American history as a result of industrialism, urbanism, and the pressure of a changing ethnic base.
The "Tibetan Question," the nature of Tibet's political status vis-à-vis China, has been the subject of often bitterly competing views while the facts of the issue have not been fully accessible to interested observers. While one faction has argued that Tibet was, in the main, historically independent until it was conquered by the Chinese Communists in 1951 and incorporated into the new Chinese state, the other faction views Tibet as a traditional part of China that split away at the instigation of the British after the fall of the Manchu Dynasty and was later dutifully reunited with "New China" in 1951. In contrast, this comprehensive study of modern Tibetan history presents a detailed, non-partisan account of the demise of the Lamaist state. Drawing on a wealth of British, American, and Indian diplomatic records; first-hand-historical accounts written by Tibetan participants; and extensive interviews with former Tibetan officials, monastic leaders, soldiers, and traders, Goldstein meticulously examines what happened and why. He balances the traditional focus on international relations with an innovative emphasis on the intricate web of internal affairs and events that produced the fall of Tibet. Scholars and students of Asian history will find this work an invaluable resource and interested readers will appreciate the clear explanation of highly polemicized, and often confusing, historical events.
The role of art historian as biographer is beset with contradictions, an artist's life and art being neither mutually exclusive nor synonymous. Balanced in his life on the edge of destruction and in his art on that of innovation, Pollock mirrored a chaotic world, one in which humans seemed to have lost control. Less gossipy than Steven Naifeh and Gregory White Smith's Jackson Pollock ( LJ 8/89), this book treats Pollock's personal life, creative work, and cultural milieu as discrete elements that produce a gradually developing image, not always in accord with the public's view of Pollock as rebellious cowboy or counterculture loner. Pollock was the major force behind the transfer of avant-garde art from France to the United States and the American idiom in which it was expressed. This "American Prometheus" is well served by this elegantly illustrated, carefully annotated, and well-written work.
This book is based on the papers presented at a conference on "New Issues in Industrial Economics" held at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, June 8-10, 1987. The conference was organized by the Research Program in Industrial Economics (RPIE) in the Department of Economics at CWRU and was sponsored by The Cleveland Foundation, the Eaton Corporation, and The Standard Oil Company (later renamed BP America, Inc.). Their generous support is gratefully acknowledged. All of the papers have been revised, in several cases extensively, since their presentation at the conference. One of the primary reasons for organizing the conference was the concern that Industrial Economics has become too narrowly focused in most academic programs, largely being confined to Industrial Organization, i.e., issues of public policy towards enterprise with emphasis on antitrust and regulatory policy. This subject definition leaves out a number of interesting and important questions about how industries evolve over time, what the role of technological change (and organizational change) is in that process, and the associated structural changes within industries and firms. The object of this book is to derme these issues and suggest a framework within which they can be analyzed.